Truckload shipping is the movement of large amounts of cargo, which fills the entirety of the trailer. The entire trailer or truckload are dedicated to a singular customer. Full truckloads often do not make stops in between going from the pick-up to delivery straight through. There are 3 main types of Truckload (TL) shipments; dry van, flatbed and refrigerated.

An average truck can carry between 42,000 to 45,000 pounds. Many full loads do not meet this capacity but instead meet the skid count. A standard carrier can carry up to 30 Standard pallets (40”x48”). Some loads meet the weight prior to the skid count. For example, if you have 15 skids each at 2600 lb., your load would meet the weight prior to the skid count.

  • Different Kinds of Truckload:
  • Dry Van: this is for truckload freight with no temperature-specific care requirements. These are the most common used vans
  • Refrigerated: these are used for materials that need to be transported in a temperature-controlled environment. This is best for food-grade products
  • Flatbed: These are open vans, often used for large pieces of equipment including machinery and construction materials.

Full Truckload, can handle up to:

  • 30 Skids (standard pallets 40×48)
  • 42,000 to 45,000 lb.

Benefits to Full Truckload:

  • Less Damage: There is less loading and unloading meaning there is less chance of damage to the cargo
  • Cheaper Rates: Instead of multiple small shipments, you are paying for one large shipments
  • Faster transit times: as there is only one stop, the freight gets to its end location quicker.

Unlike in LTL, Truckload freight can be loaded by your team’s requirements. While LTL freight almost always must be in skid, for full truckload its up to you. You can ship freight in skid, or loose if that is easier for your customer at receiving. The entire truck is yours giving you more freedom.

What determines Rate:

  • Mileage
  • Fuel Costs
  • Season—during some seasons, certain lane’s pricing increases
  • Dry van or Refrigerated—refrigerated vans are less common making them more expensive